Sat. Jun 15th, 2024


NEW DELHI: Mankombu Sambasivan Swaminathan, popularly known as the father of India’s Green Revolution, passed away in Chennai on Thursday at the age of 98. An eminent agricultural scientist, he was honoured with several prestigious titles and awards for his remarkable contribution and works.
Born in Kumbakonam on August 7, 1925, Swaminathan had switched from studying medicine to the agricultural sector after the Great Bengal Famine of 1943 broke out. He was the founder of MS Swaminathan Research Foundation (MSSRF).
Let’s take a look at his career and achievements
*Swaminathan started his career in 1949 through researches on the genetics of potato, wheat, rice and jute.
*He was also given the title of ‘Father of Economic Ecology’ by the United Nations Environment Programme.
*In 1960s, when India was on the verge of a mass famine leading to a shortage of food grains, Swaminathan, along with Norman Borlaug and other scientists developed a high-yield variety seeds of wheat. The development marked a transition from traditional agriculture in India to the introduction of high-yielding varieties of seeds and the associated techniques. This led to the green revolution in India and Swaminathan was called the Father of the Green Revolution.
*Swaminathan has held administrative positions in various agricultural research laboratories. He served as the director general of Indian Council of Agricultural Research and later International Rice Research Institute.
*He also served as the principal secretary of the ministry of agriculture in 1979.
*In 1988, Swaminathan became the president of the International Union of the Conservation of Nature and Natural resources.
*Swaminathan has won several awards and accolades for his contribution in the field of agricultural sciences. He was given the Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Award in 1961 and the Albert Einstein World Award of Science in 1986. Swaminathan was given the first World Food Prize in 1987.
*The Indian government awarded him the Padma Shri in 1967 and Padma Bhushan in 1972 and Padma Vibushan in 1989.
*After completing his bachelors in agricultural science and post graduate degree in cytogenetics, Swaminathan had worked and collaborated with researchers and students on a range of issues in basic and applied plant breeding, agricultural research and development and the conservation of natural resources.


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